Image of Drummond, Thomas

Drummond, Thomas

b. October 16, 1809, in Bristol, Maine; d. May 15, 1890, in Wheaton, Illinois. After graduating from Bowdoin College in 1830, Drummond studied law in Philadelphia and became a member of the bar in March 1833. In May 1835, Drummond moved to Galena, Illinois, where he practiced law for the next fifteen years. He won election to the Illinois legislature in 1840. In February 1850, President Zachary Taylor appointed Drummond to succeed Nathaniel Pope as judge of the United States District Court for the District of Illinois, and Drummond held court in Springfield and Chicago. United States Supreme Court Justice John McLean and Judge Drummond presided in the Seventh U. S. Circuit Court, which included the districts of Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, and Illinois. When Congress divided the state of Illinois into two federal districts in 1854, Drummond moved to Chicago to preside over the Northern District. Lincoln represented clients in at least twenty-four cases before Judge Drummond. In 1869, President Ulysses S. Grant appointed Drummond as judge of the Seventh Federal Judicial District, which included Illinois, Wisconsin, and Indiana. Drummond retired from the bench in 1884, and moved to a farm in Wheaton, Illinois.
Sangamo Journal (Springfield, IL), 14 August 1840, 2:1; Illinois Daily Journal (Springfield), 7 February 1850, 2:1; United States Biographical Dictionary: Illinois Dictionary (Chicago: American Biographical Dictionary, 1876), 5-6; John Palmer, ed., The Bench and Bar of Illinois: Historical and Reminiscent (Chicago: Lewis Publishing Co., 1899), 1:360-62. Illustration courtesy of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library, Springfield, IL.