Image of Taylor, John

Taylor, John

b. in Danville, Kentucky; d. May 12, 1849, in Beardstown, Illinois. Taylor moved to Madison County, Illinois, where he married Elizabeth Burkhead. In 1819, they moved to Ball Township on Sugar Creek in Sangamon County, Illinois, and in 1822 they moved to Springfield, Illinois. After the incorporation of Sangamon County in 1821, Taylor was elected sheriff, a position he held for six years. After serving as sheriff, he was appointed receiver of the United States Land Office at Springfield. In 1832, Taylor was a member of the first Board of Trustees of Springfield. He formed a partnership with Seth Tinsley on June 4, 1834. In 1835, Taylor was a commissioner of the State Bank of Illinois. Later that year, he was elected as director of the bank. In 1836, Taylor served as a commissioner for the Beardstown and Sangamon Canal and for the Sangamon Fire Insurance Company. In 1837, Taylor dissolved his partnership with Seth Tinsley. Taylor was unsuccessful in his attempt to have Illiopolis, Illinois, made the state capital.
Bruce Alexander Campbell, The Sangamon Saga: 200 Years. An Illustrated Bicentennial History of Sangamon County (Springfield: Phillips Brothers, Inc., 1976), 19; John Mack Faragher, Sugar Creek: Life on the Illinois Prairie (New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 1986), 140; John Power, History of the Early Settlers of Sangamon County, Illinois (Springfield: E. A. Wilson and Company, 1876), 707-8; Sangamo Journal (Springfield, Illinois), 7 June 1834, 3:3; Sangamo Journal, 28 February 1835, 3:6; Sangamo Journal, 23 May 1835, 3:5; Sangamo Journal, 23 January 1836, 3:2; Sangamo Journal, 26 March 1836, 2:7; Sangamo Journal, 24 June 1837, 2:4. Illustration courtesy of the Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library, Springfield, IL.